Posterior Segment

All Channel Items

Update on Uveitis: From Etiology To Treatment

Conni Koury, Editor in Chief, Walter Whitley, OD, MBA, FAAO

Don't Fear the Retina

Steven Ferrucci, OD

The Basics of Uveitis

Bridgitte Shen Lee, OD, Walt Whitley, OD

Management and Treatment of Uveitis

Bridgitte Shen Lee, OD, Nathan Lighthizer, OD

Emerging Science in Retina: What You Need to Know

Jeffry Gerson, OD, FAAO, Whitney Hauser, OD

New Technology Innovations

Derek Cunningham, OD, Walter Whitley, OD

Genetic Testing for AMD

Sherry J. Bass, OD

Wet AMD: Earlier Detection, Improved Treatments

Joseph J. Pizzimenti, OD, FAAO

Facilitating Coordinated Care for Diabetic Retinopathy

Chad Fleming, OD

Bringing practitioners onto a shared technology platform can lead to better communication, compliance, and patient care. […]

A Primer on the Severity Levels of Diabetic Retinopathy

Leanna Olennikov, OD

Optometrists who understand the progression of diabetic retinopathy can assist patients who require specialized care. […]

Postchiasmal Visual Field Defects in Multiple Sclerosis

Christine Ma, BSc

To solve vision issues in patients with multiple sclerosis, you may have to look beyond the anterior and posterior segments. […]

Shared Care of the Retina Patient

Julie Rodman, OD, MS, FAAO

Optimizing patients’ outcomes through collaborative care. […]

Managing Diabetic Retinopathy With OCT Angiography

Jenae Stiles, BS, and Mike Cymbor, OD, FAAO

A case presentation illustrates the potential value of this new imaging modality. […]

Ultra-Widefield Retinal Imaging Facilitates Integrated Eye Care

Brian Kim, MD; Kenneth A. Fukuda, OD; and Karen P. Skvarna, OD

Use of optomap can identify more pathology and support efficient collaboration. […]

Pseudotumor Cerebri in a Pregnant Patient

Kasie J. Mix, OD, MS

Standard treatment may not be appropriate in certain conditions. […]



Overdosage of Difluprednate Can Lead to Acute Adverse Events

David Gutowski, OD, and Agustin L. Gonzalez, OD

IOP elevations not seen when recommended dosing is followed. […]

Implantable Miniature Telescope Offers Hope to Patients With Advanced AMD

Mark S. Milner, MD

A viable option for patients with severe vision loss. […]

A Clinician’s Overview of Anti-VEGF Therapies

Agustin L. Gonzalez, OD

This class of drugs has revolutionized treatment of AMD and other ocular disorders. […]

Protocol T 2-Year Data Released


Nutrition and AMD: What We Know Now

Steven Ferrucci, OD, FAAO

Some things are clear, but questions remain. […]

Complement Inhibition in Geographic Atrophy

Brandon G. Busbee, MD

A humanized monoclonal antibody may offer promise for treatment of dry AMD. […]

Unilateral Retinitis Pigmentosa

Danni Griffith

Attention to the patient’s wishes is important, even in the most unusual cases. […]

A Retina Specialist in Nepal: Picking Up the Pieces

An interview with Pravin U. Dugel, MD

A retina specialist returns to his home nation to provide first-line medical assistance after an earthquake, and provides ocular s […]

Taking Retinal Imaging to the Next Level

Mark R. Kapperman, OD

Consider ultra-widefield imaging as a practice enhancer. […]

The Importance of Diabetes Screening and Early Detection

Walter O. Whitley, OD, MBA, FAAO

Primary eye care providers play a significant role. […]

Status of Dry AMD Management

Derek N. Cunningham, OD, and Alan Franklin, MD, PhD

Risk management in patients with early dry AMD includes nutritional supplementation. Researchers seek to understand the pathogenes […]

Intraoperative OCT Reveals Important Features of Retinoblastoma

Jarin Saktanasate, MD; Joseph Matz, BS; Emil Anthony T. Say, MD; and Carol L. Shields, MD


Create a Comprehensive Practice With Multiuse Technologies

Ahmad A. Aref, MD

Meet patients’ needs by managing glaucoma under same roof as retina, cataract patients. […]

Enhancing Visual Performance Through Nutrition

Graham B. Erickson, OD, FAAO, FCOVD

Better nutrition can improve vision in patients of all ages. […]



Before initiating therapy, identify if the etiology is infectious or noninfectious.

Quan Dong Nguyen, MD, MSc

Noninfectious Uveitis: New Treatment Possibilities with Intravitreal Immunoregulatory Therapy […]

What is the Current Role of Laser Therapy in the Management of DME?

Sam E. Mansour, MSc, MD, FRCS(C), FACS

Subthreshold laser may provide a viable adjunct to pharmacologic therapy in selected patients. […]

Steroid Therapy and IOP

Bradley P. Roth, MS, and Barbara Smit, MD, PhD

Along with the benefits of intravitreal injections and sustained-release implants comes the risk of steroid-induced ocular hyperte […]

Opportunities For Integrated Care: Working With Retina Specialists

Rebecca S. Harris, OD

Communication is key. […]

Lessons Learned from Clinical Trials in Retina

Vicken Karageozian, MD

Trials do not answer every question, but they can serve as important guideposts for clinical care. […]

Genetic Testing for Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Michael B. Gorin, MD, PhD

Genetic testing will have a role in the future of retina practice, but how useful is the current information? […]

A Peek Down the Pipeline: Emerging Drug-Delivery Options for Retinal Diseases

Steven Yeh, MD, Thoms A. Albini, MD; and Andrew A. Moshfeghi, MD, MBA


Stopping the Tidal Wave of AMD

Gary S. Kirman, OD

Screening can help to give eye care specialists an early warning of eyes at high risk of developing the disease. […]

Clinical Applications for Functional Electrophysiologic Testing

Jerome Sherman, OD, and William E. Sponsel, MD

These tests can provide information that subjective testing may miss. […]

The Role of 27-Gauge Surgery in Modern Retina Practice

Alan Franklin, MD, PhD, and Derek N. Cunningham, OD

Enthusiasm for the smaller-gauge technique must be tempered by consideration of the learning curve. […]

The Making of a Good Diagnostician

Mohammad R. Rafieetary, OD, and Melvin A. Friedman, OD

Patients with vision loss should undergo all pertinent ancillary diagnostic tests to ensure complete assessment of the condition a […]

Early Detection of Uveal Melanoma

Komal B. Desai, BA, MD

Monitoring nevi in annual examinations can help find and treat tumors sooner. […]

Five Things Every Cataract Surgeon Must Know About the Retina

Dennis P. Han, MD, and Teodoro Evans, MD

An understanding of these issues will help to ensure success in patients with retinal disease. […]

Eye Care a Key Element in Healthy Outcomes for Those With Diabetes

Vicken Karageozian, MD

As the only direct window into the body’s vasculature, the retina provides important insights into how well this systemic diseas […]

Rethinking Cataract Surgery in Advanced AMD

Sumit “Sam” Garg, MD

A new technology may offer better outcomes in the most severely affected patients. […]

Genetics and Patients’ Response to AMD Nutritional Supplements

Carl C. Awh, MD

One size does not fit all! […]

Science Supports Genome-Directed Therapy for AMD

Jerome Sherman, OD

Consider the malpractice risks of ignoring this approach. […]

Nutritional Supplementation and AMD

Steven Ferrucci, OD

What lessons can we learn from current studies? […]

Potential Dangers From Zinc (and Copper) Supplementation: Implications for Alzheimer Disease and AMD

Jerry Rapp, PhD, and Jerome Sherman, OD

A closer look at the data. […]

It Takes a Village (of ODs) …

Alexis Malkin, OD

Optometrists comanaging with fellow optometrists is good for patients’ care. […]

Reassessing the Applicability of Low Vision Services

Bradley Kehler, OD

Using a functional definition of low vision broadens the scope of patients who would benefit from services. […]

The Low Vision Exam: Integrating a Functional Approach

Grace Tran, OD

Thinking of the low vision evaluation as an extension of the comprehensive eye examination may make it more accessible to provider […]

Implantable Miniature Telescope

Tiffany L. Chan, OD

The first-ever technology approved for end-stage age-related macular degeneration. […]

OCT: What’s Now and What’s Next?

Robert W. Dunphy, OD; Larry Alexander, OD; and Nalin J. Mehta, MD

Leading experts take a look down the pipeline at the future of retinal imaging. […]

Multispectral Imaging: A Revolution in Retinal Diagnosis and Health Assessment

Dorothy L. Hitchmoth, OD

The ability to image the retinal pigment epithelium provides clinicians a novel way to examine the retina. […]

Diabetic Retinopathy: Going Beyond the Exam and OCT

Lik Thai Lim, MB BCh, FRCOphth, and Jonathan D. Walker, MD

Helping your patients achieve the best results possible. […]

Managing the Diabetic Patient

Michael McFarland, OD; J. James Thimons, OD; and Sam Mansour, MD

Tips and pearls for managing these difficult-to-treat eyes. […]